Risk factors for cutaneous leishmaniasis in Cukurova region, Turkey

We conducted a case-control study to evaluate risk factors for cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania infantum outbreaks in villages in the Cukurova region, South Anatolia, Turkey. 282 respondents from eight villages were interviewed using structured questionnaires. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics, personal protection and knowledge of leishmania were analyzed. Young people, aged from 5–19 years, were found to be the most endangered group of villagers. The concurrent presence of both lesions and scars in nine persons may indicate repeated infections.

Canine Antibody Response to Phlebotomus perniciosus Bites Negatively Correlates with the Risk of Leishmania Transmission

Background: Phlebotomine sand flies are blood-sucking insects transmitting Leishmania parasites. Hosts bitten by sand flies develop immune response against sand fly salivary antigens. Specific anti-saliva IgG indicate the exposure to the vector and may also help to estimate the risk of Leishmania spp. transmission. In this study, we examined the canine antibody response against the saliva of Phlebotomus perniciosus, the main vector of Leishmania infantum in Mediterranean basin, and characterized salivary antigens of this sand fly species.

Increasing Incidence of Zoonotic Visceral Leishmaniasis on Crete, Greece

To determine whether the incidence of canine leishmaniasis has increased on Crete, Greece, we fitted infection models to serodiagnostic records of 8,848 dog samples for 1990–2006. Models predicted that seroprevalence has increased 2.4% (95% confidence interval 1.61%–3.51%) per year and that incidence has increased 2.2- to 3.8-fold over this 17-year period.

Subscribe to RSS - Dogs